Equitation is the art of riding horseback correctly. There are three main styles of equitation:
Hunt Seat Equitation is a performance class in which the rider is judged on basic position in the saddle, legs, seat, and hands in a hunt seat saddle and on the use of the aids during individual and group work.
Stock Seat Equitation is a Western class in which the rider is judged on this horsemanship, style, and ability, and effectiveness at applying aids (reins, legs, seat, &c.)
Seat is defined as the position of the rider in the saddle, including the manner in which the rider holds his arms and legs. A correct seat should combine the weight and position of the rider with the weight and position of the horse, so that the two perform together as one.
Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms ©1998